the

The UN Explained

the UN an organization that we know and

love today that was created 1945 with

just 51 countries now extended to 193

amazing the UN is just one monolithic

organization but it's actually not

there's actually quite a few different

organizations committees and agencies

that work under the umbrella of the UN

the UN actually has six major

organizations or organ the best known of

which is probably the General Assembly

that's what people think of when they

think of the UN a whole bunch of

countries sit together in a giant room

making speeches that's what the General

Assembly does they have very general

tasks among them approving the UN budget

and I think Member States to the UN

Security Council and other bodies it's

the main place to discuss and combat all

the issues in the UN Charter although

they do make decisions and create

documents called resolutions but they

have no binding effect to any member

state which is why the UN and the GA

especially seem slow one particularly

hot topics arguably the second biggest

organ that people know about is the

Security Council yeah the Security

Council is made up of five permanent

members China France Russia the United

Kingdom and the United States and also

ten other members that are not permanent

but have two-year terms each staggered

by one year so that there's a fresh set

of countries to take over and give their

opinions the world is divided up into

regions and one country per year is

selected they are Western Europe and

Canada Latin America and the Caribbean

Eastern Europe Africa and Asia Pacific

currently the members are Argentina

Australia

Chad Chile Jordan Lithuania Luxembourg

Nigeria South Korea and Rwanda by the

end of this year however five of those

countries will be moved and another five

will take their place though there are

about sixty countries that have not

actually been on the Security Council

mainly because they're small and

inconsequential or they're just

dysfunctional but it would be nice to

see a country like the Federated States

of Micronesia or North Korea again on

the Security Council at least once all

members are allowed to vote but the p5

have veto power meaning that they can

stop a resolution from being passed if

it's not in their interest but the

resolutions that do pass are binding

meaning that countries that don't adhere

to them are liable for a lawsuit

naturally the Security Council deals in

security or they also have another

function they help elect the judges for

the International Court of Justice the

ICJ or International Court of Justice is

the primary judicial organ of the UN

unlike most of the UN organs it is

housed in the Hague

the Netherlands as opposed to New York

not to be confused with the ICC or

International Criminal Court which is

also housed in The Hague but is

completely independent from the UN the

court consists of 15 judges all of which

have nine year terms but are staggered

legs the non-voting members of the

Security Council every three years a

third of the judges can get replaced all

the judges are elbow for reelection the

ICJ deals with two types of cases

contentious cases which are disputes

between states and advisory proceedings

which is advice for legal questions

referred to by UN organizations and

specialized agencies for example the ICJ

just stepped up with the contentious

case between Australia and Japan about

whaling in the Antarctic moving on the

economic and social councils deal with

that's right economic and social each

more specialized in the General Assembly

they work with stakeholders ie

policymakers NGOs academics and business

leaders all 54 members of this body are

elected by the General Assembly and have

overlapping through year term

there's also a set allotment of spots

given to different regions 14 to Africa

11 to Asia 6 to Eastern Europe 10 to

Latin America and the Caribbean and 13

to Western Europe in North America

ecosoc has many specialized agencies

many of which you probably know about

like the WHL

UNESCO and the FAO these organizations

are autonomous but are linked to the UN

by special agreement as such to get

funding and political support through

them the UN trusteeship council deals

with trust territories many of these

places were colonies that Germany had

acquired before the First World War and

after they lost and the League of

Nations took them over and after the

conditions got disbanded and the Second

World War happened there were some more

colonies that both Japan and Italy had

taken over in that interim period that

led them to be part of this council

now this council was intended to bridge

the gap between colony and country and

help create stable nations out of these

formerly occupied territories now I use

the past is because all of these

colonies are now independent countries

and now this organization does nothing

the final organ is the Secretariat they

are the admin that keep the whole

organization up and running it is headed

by the Secretary General Ban ki-moon

made up of thousands of civil servants

not only working at the headquarters in

New York but if offices all over the

world since the Secretariat is so big

and diverse there are many sub

organizations within almost all the

organs of the U and have many smaller

organizations dealing with specialized

issues the General Assembly works

through bodies like UNICEF and the UNDP

helping the fund and supply these

organizations and provide them with

political access the GA ecosoc and

Security Council's also have committees

that further divide up the work into

manageable pieces by the GA has the

Human Rights Council and the Security

Council has the counterterrorism

committee as well as Committee on drugs

and narcotics despite how it may be

depicted the UN is a very complex and

multifaceted affair with many people

working hard to try to maintain

stability in a very unstable and

ever-changing world