the

Why we study animal behavior

welcome my name is Danielle Arnold and

I'm a PhD student at the University of

Florida my research interests are

reproduction and conservation in

domestic and wildlife herbivores so why

do we study animal behavior people love

animals and are captivated by exotics

from watching popular nature shows such

as Animal Planet to African safari tours

we're able to see animals in nature and

we're able to appreciate and enjoy them

we study animals to better understand

why they behave the way they do why they

make the decisions they do how they

think and feel and to learn about their

emotions and social connections

scientists study animal behavior to find

insights into animals and even in some

cases into our own behaviors and we want

to know the science behind it

the science of animal behavior is called

ethology scientists travel the world and

document the different behaviors and

interactions between animals in their

natural environments wild animals in

captivity serve as ambassadors to their

species modern zoos and aquariums are

popular throughout the world when we see

animals in real life and how they act

and how they behave we are even more

captivated by them the purpose of zoos

and aquariums is to engage the public

with animal experiences when we can use

our senses to see to hear to smell and

even in some cases to touch the animals

we become more engaged and captivated

the association of zoos and aquariums

ensures that the animals in captivity

are well taken care of and that they are

committed to Animal Care conservation

and education zoos and aquariums are

also educational

there is signage around the zoos to

educate the public about the animals and

their status as well as outreach

programs like keeper talks and

interactive activities to educate the

youth about the animals zoos and

aquariums also play a large role in the

conservation of a species zoo

populations are a reserve population for

wild populations especially those that

are endangered are almost extinct zoos

and aquariums spend an approximate 300

350 million u.s. annually on

conservation efforts the zoo industry is

spending a lot of money on conservation

but it's not enough we are now faced

with which species to save since we

have enough funding to save them all the

prison skis horse illustrates a

conservation success story the prison

wall skis horse is the true wild horse

in the 1950s their population was down

to twelve reproductively sound animals

in captivity in the 1960s they were

extinct in the wild in 1959 the Prague

zoo organized the first international

symposium on the preservation of the

prison ski horse creating a breeding

plan to save the species today the

population consists of almost 2,000

animals other conservation success

stories are the black-footed ferret who

went from one population to thousands

today the Panda and the Condor by

evaluating the behavior of captive

animals we can gain understanding of

some of their innate behaviors it might

not be their natural setting which is

obviously the best but it's as close to

their natural setting as we can make it

and it allows us to study their study

and observe their behaviors up close

it's also important to understand their

behavior for the animals welfare we want

to ensure that they're healthy and happy

the picture here shows an example of a

horse cribbing which is what we call a

stereotypic or stress behavior we want

to fix and avoid these behaviors so we

can ensure we have a healthy and happy

horse and finally evaluating the

behavior of captive animals can be used

as a useful tool to teach others the

basics of scientific inquiry so what's

next next we're going to tell you about

an introduction to the basic of animal

behavior research