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Mescaline (Episode 5 - A Trip Through the Garden - A Short Guide to Plant-based Substances)

mescaline is a hallucinogen from the

finesse lamine family which includes

drugs like MDMA and methamphetamine

mescaline comes most commonly in the

form of the peyote cactus which is

probably its most well known form peyote

is been traditionally used by Native

American people in North America and

it's used in religious rituals and as a

medicinal healing plant the peyote

cactus is really slow growing and it

takes 20 to 30 years for the cactus to

grow to a significant size because of

this it's become an endangered plant and

Native American people aren't really

able to use it because of that instead

the San Pedro cactus is a columnar

cactus which grows much faster and also

contains mescaline as well the San Pedro

cactus is occasionally seen in

Australian front yards it's still 1970s

garden feature which still grows around

the place and contains 1 to 2 percent

mescaline in the flesh it would

traditionally be used by just slicing up

the cactus and boiling it up into a

thick black tar which people then

consume to get the hallucinogenic effect

it can also be sliced into thin slices

which are then dried out the dried

cactus powder can then be ground up into

a fine powder mixed with water and

consumed or boiled up into a tea in the

2016 Queensland ecstasy and related drug

study a bunch of regular ecstasy users

were surveyed about their use of a range

of drugs this survey found 7 percent of

the sample have ever used mescaline and

one percent had used recently the survey

doesn't ask what former came in but it's

most likely in the form of a San Pedro

cactus given that it's most commonly

available mescaline lasts for between 8

to 12 hours there is a little bit of

research from the 1950s showing that it

may have some potential clinical uses in

treatment of addiction in particular

although there hasn't been any research

conducted on mescaline for some time we

do know though from research in Native

American people who have used mescaline

long term that it appears to have quite

low risk of harm the primary risks

associated with mescaline there's things

like accidents and injuries like any

hallucinogen being under the influence

people can be unaware of their surround

and injured himself there's also the

risk of a bad trip reaction where people

are overwhelmed by the hallucinations

and have a panic response

there's also risks around masculine

tourism in South America where there's

been retreats of opened offering

tourists the opportunity to take

mescaline in a semi traditional context

and we know that some of these tourism

operations are probably not so

legitimate