the

Colosseum : Damaged By Roman Empire

ron's Coliseum was completed in the year

80 the city's history stretches back at

least two and a half thousand years and

people come from around the world to see

the ruins of the Roman Empire but the

Coliseum retains its scale and

proportion and in a world accustomed to

sporting arenas the ancient stadium is

oddly familiar and it still serves as a

backdrop for large entertainment events

such as concerts or even religious

festivals for 500 years

it served as a venue for games and blood

sports the Emperor Vespasian started

building the arena which was finished by

his son Titus it was known as the

Flavian amphitheatre the name Coliseum

came later because of its proximity to

the colossus of Nero a giant statue that

remained standing into the Middle Ages

the Coliseum was largely intact in the

6th century but two earthquakes one in

847 and another in 1231 caused damage to

the upper levels and finally the

collapse of the outer southern wall at

this stage the damaged Colosseum became

a source of easily obtainable stone for

local building projects and much of the

deterioration after the 13th century has

been - - its intermittent use as a

quarry

some of the original stones are part of

the stairs at the Vatican but in the

18th century Pope Benedict the 14th

declared the Colosseum consecrated

ground because of the vast amounts of

Christian blood spilled in the arena use

of stone from the building was stopped

and at various times stabilization work

has been carried out to prevent further

deterioration as the largest surviving

structure from antiquity preservation of

Rome's Colosseum is important