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Types of Cactus with Eileen | Indoor House Plants | The Home Depot

welcome back everyone

today's topic is the wonderful world of

cactuses

cactus plants are native to the western

hemisphere

cactuses live in dry environments and

most are considered to be succulents

they have thick stems as you see here

and these stems will enable to store

water

cactuses also have a shallow root system

many cactuses also have a rounded shape

this enables the plant to have high

water storage capability

which is a very useful adaptation in

natural dry and hot conditions

cactus have special structures called

ariels

you can see them here the aerials

produce a modified leaf called a spine

that's the sharp part these obviously

protect the plant

the areas will also produce flowers as

you can see here

the flowers emerge from the ends of the

stems

with over 2 000 species of cactuses

there are dozens available to grow

indoors

in a wide variety of sizes shapes and

colors

some common cactuses include the golden

barrel

we have the old man of the south i think

he's really cute

we have this special one called

snowflake

we have the apontia family which are

common bunny ears prickly pears and

often a cactus tree

we have balloons this one's very special

it's a redheaded irishman we have this

guy

who's very unusual this is sylvia

this one's a special favorite it looks

reddish orange

but its nickname is called lemon and

last but not least

miss bella it looks like pickles to me

but his name is peanut with enough

bright light your cactus might bloom in

some vibrant colors

this one will be reddish pink this plant

looks like it's going to have a

beautiful white blue just remember

some of the blossoms may have a

fragrance but there are sharp spines

under those beautiful blooms

the grafted cactus as you see here are

actually two plants that are fused

together

the colors the sizes and shapes will

vary depending upon the species that are

grafted

the grafted plant cactus is also known

as a moon plant

the bottom is called hyloceris which is

a three-sided

plant it's rather non-descript but it

does have a very famous cousin

the honolulu queen cactus which is where

we get dragon fruit

the top portion is oxygen calcium plant

this plant is a gemini calcium and you

can see it's green

it has chlorophyll and chlorophyll is

what the plant uses to make its

beautiful green color

the cousin which is used for the top of

the grafting doesn't have chlorophyll

therefore it doesn't turn green

in nature it's actually a grayish brown

color

when it's grafted on top of the root

stock it actually emits these beautiful

vivid colors so it really comes to life

as a grafted plant

taking care of your new cactus is easy

once you know what to do

let's take a look at this cactus this

cactus comes

with a plastic sleeve which is used for

safety because of these humongous spikes

so we're going to take that off very

carefully

i selected this plant because as we

mentioned cactus have

very shallow root systems but this one

looks like he's outgrown his pot

so we definitely need to do something

here so i'm going to protect myself

and put on gloves

[Music]

carefully grasp the plant if possible in

between

the aerials and wiggle the plant out

i like to squeeze the pot

if you're able to grab it by the base do

that

and continue to twist the soil out of

the pot

and you can see we lost some of the

roots but there's still quite a few

roots

so we're going to pull some of the soil

away

this cactus is probably several years

old so the soil might have been there

for some time

so we definitely want to give it some

fresh soil

now let's take a second and talk about

soil

you definitely want to use a soil that

is specifically for cactus and

succulents and it will say cactus

palm and citrus potting mix this is

great for succulents also

do not use regular potting mix it will

hold the water too much

to the roots and your plant will

experience root rot this has a

tremendous amount of sand in it which

gives us great drainage

as you notice the plant was living in a

pot that had holes in the bottom

you definitely need to have a pot that

has a hole in the bottom for proper

drainage

even though you won't be watering it

very often you want to make sure you've

got plenty of drainage

another quick tip is if you are going to

plant it in a pot that perhaps doesn't

have a hole

make sure the pot that it's planted in

has holes

and stick that pot inside a decorative

pot

[Applause]

and again if you are able to hold it by

the base

and wiggle it into position and remember

this is where you need to have gloves

because the plant's going to fight you a

little bit

i want to make sure it's at a good depth

you want to make sure the soil covers

the plant

up to the neck where it was in the

previous pot

gently push the soil into position

and there you go now at this point you

may want to water your cactus

but i highly recommend not watering this

cactus as you saw the soil that the

plant came out of was quite wet

the plant will be fine let it sit there

i would

go for a week or two and then check on

it

after a week or so you want to check

your cactus and make sure that it's

happy in its new home

you want to make sure that there's no

problems no issues no potential root rot

the soil should be relatively dry at

this point

since we've just repotted it you may

also want to fertilize it to give it a

little extra nutrition since it's been

through a little bit of a stress

this is a succulent plant food which is

also good for cactus and it's actually a

squirt formula so you'd actually squirt

it on the side

i would do one or two squirts following

the manufacturer's direction

and then water the plant very very

minimally

from the side of the plant you never

want to water near the stem you always

want to water the edge of the plant

and twirl around and make sure there's

sufficient drainage

cactus house plants also prefer the same

care as those found in nature

they like a warm sunny location or a

spot with lots of bright light

while some cacti can handle direct

sunlight many are not suited for low

light conditions

you always want to refer to the plant

tag or oftentimes with cactus

follow the instructions on the label

plants that grow in highlight conditions

and in warm spaces may need to be

watered more frequently than those

growing in cooler locations

also in summer time you'll need to be

watering more than you will in the

winter time

you'll want to rotate your cactus weekly

so the plant will grow in even light

sometimes cacti will grow asymmetrically

if one side of the plant receives more

light than the other side

you may need to take this plant out and

actually repot it

so it maintains an upright condition

[Music]

most indoor cactus plants available for

sale are hardly down to about 40 degrees

fahrenheit

they may have warm temperature

requirements and they may not be suited

for life outdoors in the wintertime

you want to inspect your plants when

you're watering as well as in between

times

monitor your plants so you can stop any

infestations early on

any plant that looks like it may have a

pest should be immediately quarantined

placed under treatment and kept away

from other plants

if you suspect your cactus is being

attacked by spider mites scale or mealy

bugs

you can provide a common home remedy

take a bottle

and include one part rubbing alcohol to

three parts water

you do not want to spray your plant get

a cotton swab

spray the swab until wet

and dap the area of the plant

that may have a potential infestation

again be careful of the spikes

while many indoor house plants can be

saved from harmful insects using

insecticidal soaps pyrethrins and neem

oil

cactus are very special plants you may

not be able to use those products

you should always check the product

labeling before applying to your cactus

occasionally bad things will happen to

good house plants and i have a few

things that happened here

some of the plants actually lost

several little branches when we were

moving to set

now don't be alarmed you can actually

turn these into new plants

what i suggest doing is after they've

fallen off the plant or

been unfortunately removed allow about a

week for the ends to harden over

once they've hardened over you'll be

able to plant them back in soil

i have two little plants here that

actually fell apart

about two months ago i'm just going to

take them and show you what's happened

i let them sit outside for about a week

to harden over

and i have some pretty good little roots

on this fellow

you can see after two months there's

quite a lot of plant structure

some cactus will bloom under cooler

temperatures and in drier conditions

some cactus can take up to 50 years

before they're mature enough to bloom

knowing the type of cactus you have will

help you identify when to expect flowers

on your specific cactus displaying

several cactus together in a group

and adding rocks and sand topper can add

a definite desert theme to a sunny

location

with little watering needs the cactus

can be a wonderful low maintenance

choice for an indoor plant presentation

remember to spend quality time each week

carefully inspecting and enjoying your

cactus

check out our cactus guide for more

great information about taking care of

your new plants