the

Why do the Dutch wear orange?

have you ever wondered why the Dutch

national color is orange I mean their

flag is red way in blue but whenever the

Dutch are celebrating their nationalism

or their football team is playing

they're always dressed head-to-toe in

orange and never red way in blue so why

is this well the short answer is fairly

simple it's because of William of Orange

William the first Prince of Orange

also known as William the silent led the

Dutch and their revolt against felt the

sake in that Spanish rule known as the

eighty years war he was the first start

holder of the Dutch Republic declaring

their independence in 1581 he was called

William of Orange because of his Prince

of Orange noble title so where was the

principality of orange well probably not

where you may expect to send modern-day

southeastern France there still exists a

small town in France today called orange

with a population of about 30,000 the

settlement dates back to the Romans

being founded in 35 BC by veterans of

the 2nd Legion it was originally called

ROC Oh named after the Celtic water God

over the years the name became corrupted

in Latin and many years later when a

certain fruit arrived in Europe its name

and a local dialect of old provençal

sends it an awful lot like the name of

the Principality the two words therefore

became conflated in Old French since

orange is kin to northern France through

that area

the orange becomes relevant to the Dutch

through political marriage William of

Orange was actually from the house of

naso which originated from wise today

western Germany in 1515 Henry the 3rd of

Nassau Breda married claudia of shaolong

orange their son Rene therefore became

Prince of Orange when he died without

any ears in 1540 for the Prince of

Orange Tate who was passed to his first

cousin William of nasod elenberg William

had no family relation to orange Rene

inherited the title from his mother's

side and passed it to his father's side

this began the house of Nassau Orange as

William added Prince of Orange to his

list of noble titles he was already stat

holder of Holland Zeeland Utrecht and

Friesland it was around this time that

Europe was divided by a religious

conflict started by the Protestant

Reformation after the abdication of

Charles the faith as Holy Roman Emperor

he split his inheritance between his son

and his brother and the seventeen

provinces came under Spanish rule felt

ii began to persecute protestants and

impose extremely high taxes which led to

the Dutch Revolt this was led by William

of Orange as he had become known seven

of the seventeen provinces declared

their independence in 1581 as the united

provinces also known as the Dutch

Republic this would be the predecessor

of the modern day country of the

Netherlands William of Orange was

assassinated in 1584 and was remembered

as a Dutch hero who held Fay against the

Spanish for their country's independence

the title orange and the colour again

became conflated during the lifetime of

William of Orange who would often wear

the color orange the color therefore

developed into a symbol for Dutch

nationalism now you may be wondering why

earlier in the video I was talking about

the orange fruit and not the orange

color well it's because the name of the

fruit came first the first thing that

orange was used to refer to the color in

Europe was in the late Middle Ages

before that people just refer to the

color as yellow red or something similar

William used the color orange as alias

1577 the princes flag or the Princeton

flag was the first flag used by the

Dutch Republic with orange white and

blue horizontal stripes the predecessor

of the modern Dutch flag so this leads

to the obvious question if the Dutch

flag is based off of Prince William's

flag and orange is still the national

colour to this day then why does the

flag have red and not orange on it

well apparently with the princes flag

the orange color tended to fade over

time with exposure to the elements and

quickly turned red the flag started to

become manufactured with red instead of

orange because the orange flags would

just fade to red anyway it wasn't

actually until 1937 that an official

decree stated that the colour on the

flag was red the color orange used by

the Dutch extends far beyond the

modern-day country of the nettle and

but directly and indirectly take New

York City for example the flag of New

York has orange honor this is because of

the city's Dutch origin the first

permanent settlement in what is today

New York was established by the Dutch in

1624 even though for some reason the

flag says 1625 but anyway it was

originally called New Amsterdam until it

was taken over by the English in 1664

and renamed New York a little further

north and the state capital Albany also

has orange on its flag again this is

because of his Dutch origins

not only does this city have orange on

its flag though its original name before

the English was literally fort orange

sticking with New York State and there's

Orange County now this should not be

confused with Orange County California

that was named after the fruit but

Orange County New York was named after

William of Orange

however Orange County was founded in

1683 but this was after the English had

taken over all of the Dutch possessions

in North America so why was it named

after William of Orange well William of

Orange said without any context

generally refers to one of two people

there were several princes of orange

called William but the two most

influential where William the first who

already mentioned several times in this

video and William the third to Dutch

people William of Orange generally means

well in the first however two British

people

William of Orange generally affairs to

William the third why because he became

King of England Scotland and Ireland and

the so-called Glorious Revolution of

1688

this brings us to another use of the

color orange that has been influenced by

the Dutch the orange on the flag of

Ireland at the time of the

aforementioned Glorious Revolution the

majority of people in Great Britain were

Protestant but their King James the

second was Catholic

this made many people uneasy and

therefore the Dutch stat holder William

the third was invited to the British

Isles to depose their current king and

take the throne for himself this was

greatly welcomed by the vast majority of

recipe 'pl in Ireland however not so

much

there were Protestant majority provinces

in the northern parts of the åland but

as a whole Ireland remained

predominantly Catholic the revolution

was not quite so glorious from their

perspective anyway when Ireland began to

fight for their independence the

tricolour flag of Greenway and orange

was used to represent Irish nationalism

the green represents Catholics and the

orange Protestants while the white

symbolizes the peace and unity between

them

finally the orange influence reaches as

far as southern Africa up until 1994 the

flag of South Africa was orange way in

blue and that little vertical flag in

the middle there as the flag of the

Orange Free State an independent board

republic until it became a British

colony and they in par South Africa now

in this case the Orange Free State was

originally the Orange River sovereignty

a short left British colony which

unsurprisingly it was named after the

Orange River the Orange River was named

after William of Orange but yet another

William William the faith now other

Dutch the only ones to have a National

coloured knot on their flag well no

actually there are a few more the

national color of New Zealand is black

it's the reason their national rugby

team plays in all black and indeed their

name as the All Blacks the color black

is associated with the Maori culture the

indigenous peoples of New Zealand now in

2015 New Zealand had a referendum to

potentially change the national flag

four of the five potential new flags

featured the color black and the end

though the original flag was favored by

56% of the voters and therefore remains

the flag to this day the national

colours of Australia are gold and green

apparently the gold represents

Australia's beaches mineral wealth and

green harvests or green represents the

forests eucalyptus trees and the

pastures of the Australian landscape the

Australian football team plays in a gold

jersey with green shorts a few more

national football teams wear colors that

are not on their flag Germany wears a

mostly white strip this is the cause of

Prussia the kingdom which he nated

Germany Italy wears blue

official color of the House of Savoy the

royal family was ruled SLE from his

unification until it became a republic

and finally there's Japan which also

plays in blue although the reason why

isn't actually known and so that's why

the Dutch used the color orange as their

national color and why their national

football team strep is orange it's

because of William of Orange and the

tackle

orange originated from a small

principality now in modern-day France

when northern French Minh next up the

name of the fruit with a latinized name

of a Celtic God this video is brought to

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