The Covenants of Scripture: The Mosaic Covenant


Coming up today on Discovering

the Jewish Jesus, I'm gonna be

talking about the role of the

Mosaic Covenant as it relates

to you and I as believers

today. This is a fascinating

study on The Covenants of

Scripture. You're not gonna

want to miss this episode.

♪ ♪

(Shofar Blowing)

ANNOUNCER>>Rabbi Schneider is

a voice crying out in our lost

world, pointing mankind to

Jesus today.


Shalom, I'm Cynthia, Rabbi's

wife. Beloved, we are so

thankful for what God is doing

in people's lives through this

ministry all around the world.

And right now I pray that

Lord will touch you as Rabbi

teaches and preaches God's Word.


you and Shalom, beloved ones.

My name's Rabbi Schneider.

Welcome today to this very

important edition of

Discovering the Jewish Jesus.

Father, we worship you today.

We love you today. We honor

you. You said that he that

trembles at your Word, you

will look to and bless.

Father, we love you and we

love your Word; in Jesus's

name, in Yeshua's name. And

all God's people that are in

agreement spoke Hebrew with me

and said Amen. Did you know

whenever you say Amen you're

actually speaking Hebrew. It's

a Jewish word. And it actually

comes from the root word

Emunah meaning faith. And

so when we say Amen we're

actually saying I believe

that, I agree with that by

faith. We're in a study today,

this is now the second part of

the series, that I'm calling

The Covenants of Scripture.

This is a very important study

for those of you that are

interested in understanding

how the whole Bible fits

together. There are many

covenants, beloved ones, in

Scripture, but there are three

primary covenants in the Word

of God. These three primary

covenants, I'm in review

right now, are the Abrahamic

Covenant, number one; the

Mosaic Covenant, number two;

and the New Covenant, number

three. We're looking at these

three covenants, looking at

the individual pieces to these

covenants, and then we're

looking as to how they all

fit together. Now last week

I began, church, on the

Abrahamic Covenant. What I

said was that the Abrahamic

Covenant was based on three

things. Number one it was

based simply on faith. We read

in Genesis, 15, that Abraham

heard God's voice and simply

because he believed and his

belief translated into action,

because when you really

believe something you take

action on it. His belief,

beloved, was counted to him,

listen now, as righteousness.

Listen as I read, Genesis,

chapter number 15. I'm gonna

begin there in verse number 5:

And He, referring to God,

took him, speaking of Abraham,

outside and said, Now look

toward the heavens, and count

the stars, if you are able to

count them. And He said to

him, So shall your descendants

be. Then he, referring back to

Abraham, believed in the LORD;

and He, the Lord, reckoned

it to him, to Abraham, as

righteousness. So notice

what's going on here, church,

nothing about the law here.

Abraham simply believed God's

voice. And because he believed

in the Lord, God counted

Abraham as right before him.

The Lord told us in the New

Testament, God so loved the

world that he gave his only

Begotten Son, get it, that

whosoever believes in him

shall be saved. So what we're

seeing here is that the

Abrahamic Covenant is the

foundational covenant in

Scripture because the covenant

that we enter into with the

Lord now through Jesus had

its origin in this Abrahamic

Covenant because we're gonna

see as we go to Genesis, 22,

now that this covenant that

was based on faith was a

pre-covenant to Jesus's coming

because God said to Abraham in

Genesis, 22, Abraham, in your

seed, referring to Jesus, all

the nations of the earth shall

be blessed. Let's go now to

Genesis, 22, and see that.

We see right now the Abrahamic

Covenant was based on faith.

Abraham believed God and it

was counted to him as

righteousness. Paul repeats

that same word for us. He

quotes the Scripture I just

read in Genesis, 15, in the

Book of Galatians. Now we're

in Genesis, chapter number 22.

I want to show you that this

covenant, the Abrahamic

Covenant, the foundational

covenant of Scripture was also

based, listen now, on a

promise. So I'm gonna begin

reading here in verse number

1, of chapter number 22. I'm

gonna read 1 and 2, then I'm

gonna continue on in verse

9-18: Now it came about after

these things, that God tested

Abraham, and said to him,

Abraham. And he said, Here I

am. And He said, Take now your

son, your only son, whom you

love, Isaac, and go to the

land of Moriah, and offer him

there as a burnt offering on

one of the mountains of which

I will tell you. Notice once

again, Abraham hears God's

voice. He believes. He

believes that he's hearing

God's voice. He believes that

God's a good God. He believes

that God is God. And he

believes that God loves him.

And because he believes,

beloved, he takes action,

because true faith results in

action. So Abraham hears God's

voice. Abraham, take your son

and go offer him to me on the

mount of Moriah. Again,

there's no law yet. This is

just Abraham hearing God's

voice and believing and

obeying. Now let's continue

on: Then they came to the

place of which God had told

him; and Abraham built the

altar there and arranged the

wood, and bound his son Isaac

and laid him upon the altar,

on top of the wood. Abraham

stretched out his hand and

took the knife to slay his

son. But the angel of the LORD

called to him from heaven and

said, Abraham, Abraham. And

he said, Here I am. He said,

Do not stretch out your hand

against the lad, and do

nothing to him; for now I know

that you fear God, since you

have not withheld your son,

your only son, from Me. Then

Abraham raised his eyes and

looked, and behold, behind him

a ram caught in the thicket by

his horns; and Abraham went

and took the ram and offered

him up for a burnt offering in

the place of his son. Abraham

called the name of that place

Yahweh, or The LORD Will

Provide. And by the way,

that's where we get the

phrase, Jehovah-Jirah, the

LORD our Provider. It's

actually pronounced something

closer to Yahweh-Yireh. But

that's where that covenant

name of God is revealed, when

the Lord gave Abraham the

sacrifice in place of his son;

the Lord Will Provide,

Yahweh-Yireh, Jehovah-Jirah,

the LORD our Provider. Let's

continue on: Abraham called

that place The LORD Will

Provide, as it is said to this

day, In the mount of the LORD

it will be provided. Then the

angel of the LORD called to

Abraham a second time from

heaven, and said, By Myself I

have sworn, declares the LORD,

because you have done this

thing and have not withheld

your son, your only son,

indeed I will greatly bless

you, and I will greatly

multiply your seed as the

stars of the heavens and as

the sand which is on the

seashore; and your seed shall

possess the gate of their

enemies. In your seed all the

nations of the earth shall be

blessed, because you have

obeyed My voice. So I want

to point out some other

principles associated with the

Abrahamic Covenant from this

portion of Scripture that we

just read. Notice here,

beloved ones, that the

Abrahamic Covenant, when the

Lord said to Abraham, in your

seed all the nations of the

earth shall be blessed. Notice

that this is, get is now, an

unconditional covenant.

There's no other conditions

that need to be met for God to

do what he said he was gonna

do. Now the reason that I'm

point this out to you, beloved

children of God, is because in

just a second we're gonna look

at the Mosaic Covenant. And

what you're gonna see about

the Mosaic Covenant is that

the Mosaic Covenant is

conditional. And this is why

Paul was constantly coming

against in the New Testament

what we refer to theologically

as Judaizers; those that are

following Jesus that are also

trying to make people keep the

law. Because the point is, is

that no man can keep the law.

And this is the reason that

the Scripture says that Jesus

redeemed people that put their

trust in him from the curse of

the law; because the law is

conditional. We're gonna see

the Mosaic Covenant is

conditional. In order to be

blessed through the Mosaic

Covenant, you have to keep

the conditions. But in the

Abrahamic Covenant, there are

no conditions. God said, I

myself have sworn, the Lord

said, I'm gonna do this thing.

It's unconditional. So listen

what the Lord says here

concerning what he's gonna do

in the 16th verse. I'm gonna

do this thing by myself.

I have sworn. This is

unconditional. God says, I'm

gonna do it. There's no other

action that is required by

anybody else. I'm gonna do it.

It's unconditional. So the

Abrahamic Covenant, church, in

review, is based, number one,

on simple faith. What type of

faith are we talking about?

The type of faith that has a

witness from God of his voice,

like Abraham did, and we

believe it. And because we

believe it, we respond to it.

That's true faith. The New

Testament is built on this.

So the Abrahamic Covenant was

based on faith. It came before

there was ever a law, only

faith. Secondly, the Abrahamic

Covenant is unconditional. God

said, I'm gonna do it, nothing

more required. Thirdly, I want

you to hear, church, that the

Abrahamic Covenant, listen, is

built on a promise. God said

once again, by myself I have

sworn, declares the Lord. It's

a promise that God is making.

Now why is this important,

church, for you and I today?

Because these three

characteristics that we

see are the bedrock of the

Abrahamic Covenant are

immediately, get it now,

transferable to the New

Covenant which is the

fulfillment of the Abrahamic

Covenant. In other words, the

New Covenant is built on these

same foundations. It's built

on faith. By grace through

faith are we saved, right, the

Book of Ephesians. It's built

on faith. Number two, it's

unconditional. God loves us.

That's unconditional love.

It's unconditional. And number

three, beloved, we have

promises in the Word. God

says, I am gonna complete the

work I started in you. I'm

going to return. It's not an

if. It's not a maybe. Jesus is

coming back. His people are

going to heaven. It's built

on, get it now, the promises

of God. So hear me now, the

Abrahamic Covenant... I know

I'm doing a lot of review and

repetition, but I really want

you to get this. The Abrahamic

Covenant, built on the three

principles of, get it now,

simple faith, believing in

such a way that it translates

into action. Abraham believed

God. As a result of his faith,

he walked and followed God.

Number one, simple faith; no

law just faith. Number two,

unconditional; the covenant

that God made with Abraham,

nothing more that needs to

happen for God to fulfill what

he said he's gonna do. And

number three, it is built on

promises. God said, I'm gonna

do this thing. I swear it,

says the Lord. Same thing now

transferred to the New

Testament. The Bible tells us

in the Book of Galatians,

listen, very, very important,

very important, that the

blessing of Abraham, that the,

that the covenant that God

made with Abraham, get it now,

has come upon you and I,

the church, through our

relationship to God in Jesus.

In other words, those things

that are in the Abrahamic

Covenant, Paul tells us in

Galatians, have come upon you

and I now as believers today.

The blessing of Abraham has

come upon you.

♪ ♪


want to ask tonight, if you've

never invited Jesus into your

heart, I'm giving you that

chance right now. This is

between you and God. If you've

never invited him in and want

to do that tonight, would you

raise your hand. (Translator)

Yes, yes, I see... Oh wow,

look at all these hands tonight.

♪ ♪

Beloved ones, when I see all

those hands raised wherever I

go, I am so encouraged by that,

to see the fruit, to see all

those salvations. That's what

it's all about. I want to thank

you from the bottom of my heart

those of you that are sending

me all over the world through

on the ground missions

crusades and being able to

preach by television and

radio. Thank you so much for

your financial support because

truly in reality, without your

financial support, beloved

ones, these things would not

be happening. We really are

partners. We covenanted with

God and God has brought us

together. And together,

beloved, we are making a

difference, and soon Jesus

will return and reward both

you and me.

ANNOUNCER>>Now back to today's



Covenant, foundational

covenant, the Word of God

is built on the Abrahamic

Covenant. It's still in place.

It's fulfilled in Jesus. Now

let's relate the Abrahamic

Covenant to the next primary

covenant in Scripture, which

is called the Mosaic Covenant.

The Mosaic Covenant is very

different from the Abrahamic

Covenant, because the

Abrahamic Covenant was

unconditional whereas the

Mosaic Covenant, get it

church, is conditional. The,

the Abrahamic Covenant, listen

now, promised a blessing

that's unconditional, whereas,

get it now, the Mosaic

Covenant is related to in such

a way that you can only be

blessed by it, get it, if you

fulfill the conditions of it.

It's conditional. So let's

go now to the Book of

Deuteronomy, chapter number

28. I want to illustrate this

for you. We're going to the

Book of Deuteronomy, chapter

number 28. I want to show you

the nature of the Mosaic

Covenant which is, once again,

conditional. The grass withers

and the flowers fade, but the

Word of God abides forever.

Deuteronomy, 28, I'm gonna

read verses number 1-4, and

then I'm gonna go to verses

15-19. We're gonna see that

the blessings are conditional.

And likewise if an individual

that is trying to relate to

God through the Mosaic

Covenant does not fulfill the

requirement, not only will

they not be blessed, but what

will happen is that they'll

end up being cursed; vastly

different from the Abrahamic

Covenant. Let's listen: Now it

shall be, if you diligently

obey the LORD your God, being

careful to do all His

commandments which I command

you today, the LORD your God

will set you high above all

the nations of the earth.

Notice here it's based on

conditions. If you do

everything that I'm commanding

you, it's all conditions.

There's laws in place. There's

statutes in place. In order to

be blessed you have to do

them. Let's continue on: All

these blessings will come upon

you and overtake you if you

obey the LORD your God.

Blessed shall you be in the

city, and blessed shall you be

in the country. Blessed shall

be the offspring of your body

and the produce of your

ground, and the offspring of

your beast, and the increase

of your herds and the young of

your flock. Blessed shall be

your basket and your kneading

bowl. Blessed shall you be

when you come in, and blessed

shall you be when you go out.

The LORD will cause all your

enemies who rise up against

you to be defeated before you.

It's all based though, listen

now, upon obedience, get it,

to the covenants and the

commandment, not the covenants

but to the commandments and

the statutes that God gave

Moses when Moses was on top of

Mount Sinai. Moses came down

from Mount Sinai with the law

of God. He had the two tablets

containing the Ten

Commandments written by the

finger of God. And he had also

all the other commandments in

the Hebrew Bible which the

Rabbis today counted, 613. In

order for all these blessings,

church, to come upon Israel

that I just read, in order for

these blessings to come upon

them, they had to observe all

the commandments and all the

statutes. Listen what the Lord

said in the Mosaic Covenant

would happen if they didn't

obey. I'm continuing

Deuteronomy, 28, picking up in

verse number 15. Hear the Word

of God. The grass withers and

the flowers fade but the Word

of God abides forever. But it

shall come about, if you do

not obey the LORD your God,

to observe and do all His

commandments, and His statutes

with which I charge you today,

that all these curses will

come upon you and overtake

you: Cursed shall you be in

the city, and cursed shall you

be in the country. Cursed

shall be your basket and your

kneading bowl. Cursed shall be

the offspring of your body and

the produce of your ground,

and the increase of your herd

and the young of your flock.

Cursed shall you be when you

come in, and cursed shall you

be when you go out. And the

Lord just continues here. And

so the Mosaic Covenant was

conditional. In order to

receive the blessing you have

to fulfill your end of the

bargain. You had to keep all

the commandments and the

statutes. The Mosaic Covenant,

listen now, very important,

the Mosaic Covenant, listen,

was designed to be a

temporary, administrative

covenant which held the

Abrahamic Covenant in place

until the fulfillment of the

Abrahamic Covenant could

be fulfilled. And that

fulfillment is Jesus, of whom

the Lord was referring to when

he said to Abraham, through

your seed, Abraham, all the

nations of the earth shall be

blessed. And the seed that

the Lord was referring to is

Jesus. The Abrahamic Covenant

is permanent, unconditional,

based on faith, and a promise.

The Mosaic Covenant is

temporary, administrative, and

conditional. Now let's look

at the origin of the Mosaic

Covenant. The origin of the

Mosaic Covenant is when Moses

went on top of Mount Sinai in

the wilderness. He received

from the Lord all these

commandments and statutes. He

came down from the mountain

and he read all the

commandments and all the

statutes to Israel. And when

he did that, Israel responded

and said, all that the Lord

has commanded we will do. But

of course, they failed. And so

what ended up happening is

the Mosaic Covenant, which

promised a blessing if it

could be adhered to, ended up

becoming a curse to them

because they couldn't fulfill

their part of the covenant.

The question becomes, why?

Why did God give the Mosaic

Covenant if he knew that

Israel could never fulfill it?

Paul tells us about this in

the Book of Galatians. And

we're gonna go to the Book of

Galatians, church, next week.

In the Book of Galatians,

Paul tells us that the Mosaic

Covenant was added to the

Abrahamic Covenant in order

that mankind would become

aware of their lack of power

to fully obey God. The Mosaic

Covenant was given, Paul

teaches, in order that man

could be exposed; that man's

pride could be revealed; that

his inability in the flesh to

fully obey God would come to

the surface. The result of all

that being, that mankind would

be in a position to receive

his Savior. You see, the Bible

tells us, church, hallelujah,

the Bible tells us these

words: Blessed are the poor

in spirit, for theirs is the

kingdom of heaven. What does

it mean to be poor in spirit?

It means to recognize that we

have no hope other than God.

We're not like the Pharisee

that beats our hand against

our chest and says, Lord,

thank you that I'm not a

sinner. But rather we're like

that sinner that stood next to

the Pharisee and said, Lord,

forgive me a sinner. Jesus

said it was that sinner that

was aware of his own

unrighteousness that went home

justified. God loves you. Will

you let Jesus into your heart

at the deepest level?

♪ ♪


Beloved, in this series, I'm

speaking to the three primary

covenants in Scripture, the

Abrahamic, Mosaic and New

Covenants. But actually there

are many more covenants in

Scripture. Conceptually Paul

speaks about a covenant

between believers and those

that are feeding on the Word

of God. Paul says that when we

as believers are receiving

spiritually from a certain

ministry, we should

financially support that

ministry that's feeding us

spiritually. I want to ask

you, would you honor that

covenant in your heart right

now? If God is using me and

Discovering the Jewish Jesus

to bless you, to strengthen

you, to help you, would you

respond to that by entering

into covenant with us and

supporting us financially? I

want to thank you, beloved,

for your obedience and for

your financial help today. In

Jesus's name, I love you

and Shalom.

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♪ I'm gonna live my life, ♪

♪ I'm gonna live my life ♪

♪ for Yeshua ♪

♪ I'm gonna live my life, ♪

♪ I'm gonna live my life ♪

♪ for Yeshua ♪

♪ As the deer ♪

♪ longs for the water, ♪

♪ so my soul ♪

♪ longs for you. ♪

♪ As the deer ♪

♪ longs for the water, ♪


of Numbers, chapter 6, Father

God spoke to Moses and said,

have Aaron speak this blessing

over my people and I will

place my name upon them and

bless them. Beloved child of

God, I want you to receive

your Father's blessing for you

right now.

(Singing in Hebrew)

(Singing in Hebrew)

(Singing in Hebrew)

(Singing in Hebrew)

(Singing in Hebrew)

Your Father will bless you and

keep you. Father will make his

face shine on you, and he will

continue to be gracious to you.

Your Father will lift you

up with his countenance

continually, and he will ever

be strengthening you in his

peace, beloved child of God.


you are feeling something

mysterious right now. Jesus is

knocking at the door of your

heart. He loves you and he

wants to come in and live

inside you. All you have to do

is say, Jesus, please forgive

me for my sins. I believe that

you died on the cross for me

and I'm asking you now to come

and live inside me. Beloved

one, if you've said that

prayer, and in your heart

you've turned your life over

to Jesus, and you're ready to

follow him, I want you to know

he is gonna change your life.

Now if you've just made that

decision, there's information

on the screen. Would you

let us know? God bless you.

I love you and Shalom.

♪ ♪


those of you like I that

really love God's Word, I know

this is really interesting

material from Scriptures.

Coming up next week, I'm gonna

show you the relationship

between the Abrahamic and

Mosaic Covenants. You're not

gonna want to miss it,

and invite a friend to

watch it with you.

ANNOUNCER>> Rabbi Schneider

has great faith-building

resources available for you

24-7. Visit our website to

send us your prayer requests.

Watch full episodes; download

Rabbi's teaching notes and

so much more, all at