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The Kansas-Nebraska Act Explained: US History Review

hey guys welcome to hippies history

where we get all dizzy for the learning

in today's lecture we're going to take a

look at the kansas-nebraska act I'm so

excited for all of us but especially if

you're in school and you're studying

we're just going to take a few minutes

guys and cover it it's major legislation

that's going to help you pass your exam

all right so here we go come with me to

the house of learning all right so

there's a couple of things that I think

are really important understand first

we're dealing with the issue of

sectionalism 1854 guys is only a decade

off less them ticket off five-six years

off from the civil war breaking out so I

think it's really important that we

first have recognized that we're looking

through the lens of the Civil War so a

couple names the first name you're going

to need bang bang Stephen Douglas

Stephen Douglas just beat Abraham

Lincoln and is now the senator from

Illinois lincoln-douglas debates are

very famous and you'll find out in a

moment that really they're all revolving

around this issue so Stephen Douglas is

big issue is that he really doesn't want

the nation to have to have a civil war

so he's trying to find a way to kind of

not take a side and really kind of

broker some kind of way of just not

really dealing with slavery the issue is

going to kind of come onto the front

burner of America in 1854 because

there's two new states that are coming

into the Union Kansas Nebraska as the

escola Casas razz guy and for years the

country was living under the umbrella of

the Missouri Compromise and the Missouri

Compromise had created this kind of

invisible line across the United States

which was supposed to decide once and

for all kind of the issues of slavery if

you're up above the line you were free

if you're down below the line your slave

state problem solved but of course in

1850 we have this compromise at 1850

with California coming in and the

Missouri Compromise really starts to

fall apart and in 1854 it's going to

further fall apart

when it's decided through this bill

written by Stephen Douglas that we're

now going to use here ap the vocabulary

I'm so excited popular sovereignty to

solve the problem of slavery

and this was really at the end of the

day what the issue in the

lincoln-douglas debates was Lincoln is a

member of really kind of a third party

group called the Free Soil party and he

sees the West is free land Lincoln's not

going to go down south and like free

slaves but he definitely sees these new

states coming in as free states and

especially after the Missouri Compromise

Kansas and Nebraska active territories

didn't have slavery so it was always

thought they would never have slavery

and now for the first time we see

slavery expanding into free territories

and I think that's the fear that's the

big deal that's what's ripping the

country apart

so it seems like a democratic solution

popular sovereignty which just means

voting we're going to let the settlers

decide for themselves that way Stephen

Douglas doesn't take up take an issue he

can just say what democracy fix the

problem but here's the problem because

it's a miserable failure I think that's

the first thing you really want to kind

of get as a conclusion hatched and fail

because what happens is rather than

having some kind of like you know

democratic process play out where they

vote and well all in favor of slavery

raise your head

it ends up as bloody Kansas that's the

vocab word I would encourage you to wrap

your head around right now because

basically when they wring that dinner

bell that the votes going to happen that

dinner bell is heard by every radical

you know slave-owning want slavery to

expand sorry for the southern accent no

offense and you're going to get the

radical abolitionists you're going to

get the people from north and here's

another bang bang named John Brown John

Brown the radical abolitionist he's

going to wait and make his way to Kansas

not to talk about slavery but to really

kind of radically push for abolitionism

and certainly to stop you know any kind

of slavery from spreading into Kansas

and that actually spills off into him

eventually getting out to Harpers Ferry

and trying to overthrow the United

States government so the kansas-nebraska

Act and its popular sovereignty as a

method to try to kind of save off the

Civil War it's not going to work it's

going to fail so at the end of the day

the vote really doesn't matter at the

end of the day what

this is kind of a an episode in American

history which is going to radicalize a

lot of people and which is really going

to push the nation closer to Civil War

rather than farther away so nice try

Stephen Douglas you try again later but

also it's now really going to formulate

the Republican Party rather than being

Free Soilers linking and his band of

brothers are going to wrap their banner

around the Republican Party this new

political party that's focused on

economic expansion ISM and certainly

stopping the spreading of slavery but

eventually abolishing slavery so giddyup

for the learning right there so now you

got it guys the kansas-nebraska Act all

right guys you can see you next time

they can press my buttons

go ahead I dare you press my buttons and

remember wherever you go where attention

goes energy flow I tricked you I came

back because I forgot something I forgot

to get the loudest shoutout ever to the

folks at Arthur E Wright middle school

that's out in Cali baby and led by their

passionate teacher miss Darcy Miller I

know that you're doing good by your kids

I'm Kaylee actually gave me an email and

talked about how you follow in the hip

use history and I just wanted to show my

gratitude by giving you guys hash that

drought out there you go guys we'll see

you next time

thanks again