The Horn of Africa

the Horn of Africa region consists of

the countries Ethiopia Kenya and Somalia

which includes the self-governing region

of Somaliland Eritrea and Djibouti the

greater Horn of Africa includes another

three countries South Sudan Sudan and

Uganda these eight countries contain

around 200 million people on 4.5 million

square kilometres an area roughly the

same as Western Europe while this region

has experienced positive development

progress for many of these countries

significant challenges remain Kenya has

registered gross domestic product growth

rates above 5 percent for most of the

past decade

in fact the proportion of Kenyans living

below the poverty line and less than one

pound per day has decreased from 46

point nine percent in 2005 to six thirty

six point one percent in 2015 to 16

Ethiopia is likely to remain the fastest

growing economy in Africa it is also one

of the poorest with a per capita income

of 460 pounds in Somalia following two

decades of civil war half of the

country's population of 12 million live

below the poverty line Sudan has been in

conflict for most of its independent

history under the terms of a peace

agreement in 2005 its southern states

broke away forming the Republic of South

Sudan in 2011 almost half of the

population of Sudan and South Sudan live

below the poverty line much of the Horn

of Africa region has a semi-arid climate

with more than 150 million people earn

their living through agriculture when

the rains are poor

droughts can lead to famine rainfall in

the area generally comes in two seasons

the short rains of October to December

and the long rains of March to June in

Somalia the 2017 rains from October to

December started late was below average

in many parts of the country as a result

of below average rainfall

pasture and water resources were below


on crops and livestock in Ethiopia the

2017 rainy season performed better than

other southeastern areas rainfall

continued to be uneven conflict and

political instability in the greater

Horn of Africa and beyond together with

persistent drought and led to a

humanitarian crisis with over fourteen

point six million people suffering from

food insecurity food insecurity is

defined by the UN as existing when

people do not have physical social and

economic access to sufficient safe and

nutritious food in Somalia more than 1.1

million people were displaced as a

result of droughts floods conflict and

food insecurity in 2017 the

international community responded

generously to the drought increasing

funding for Ethiopia and Somalia in 2017

the UK provided a hundred and seventy

million pounds in humanitarian funding

which included providing over 1 million

people access to safe drinking water and

over 1.5 million people with emergency

food assistance it is hoped that the

complex issues experienced by the Horn

of Africa region will be improved by the

aims of the United Nations sustainable

development goals by 2030 especially

goal number two which aims to end hunger

ensure poor and vulnerable people have

access to nutritious and sufficient food

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