the

Alhambra: Design & Architecture Detailed Guide ( Granada, Spain - Tour)

what is up everyone welcome to granada

today we're in the endlesssea region of

spain and we're going to learn some tips

on how to get around learn some history

and of course visit the world famous

alhambra we'll take a stroll through the

palaces and take a closer look at the

architecture in the year 711 the moors

in north africa entered the iberian

peninsula while the rest of europe was

sleeping during the so-called Dark Ages

Islamic Spain was alive with art and

science they pursued medicine and

engineering and study the works of

ancient Greece the three Abrahamic

religions coexisted in relative harmony

it was a Muslim Kingdom but the Jews and

Christians were allowed to practice

their beliefs okay let's go visit some

sights the Alhambra is simply all

inspiring you'll be amazed by the

complexity of this architectural

masterpiece all right here's some advice

book online and do it in advanced a

couple weeks a couple months in advance

because the Alhambra has one of the

biggest tourist attractions in Spain in

2014 there were over 62 million visitors

daily tickets are limited you can try

buying tickets at the door the same day

but there's no guarantee when booking

your ticket you choose a time slot to

enter the palace while you wait you're

free to explore the rest of the complex

it's big so you'll have plenty to do

also you should go in the early morning

it's much more enjoyable when you're not

pushing through a crowd of people once

you're inside you can relax take your

time and truly appreciate the palace

don't feel like walking from the city

center no problem take the shuttle bus

to the Alhambra it's only about one year

oh and 20 cents in departs every ten

minutes we'll be focusing on the palace

but let's take a quick look at the

fortress the alcazaba served as a

defensive fortress and military

residence it's also the oldest part of

the Alhambra

all right let's go visit the nazrin

palaces this group of buildings was

constructed in the 14th century by use

of the first and his son Mohammed the

fifth the palaces served as new place of

residence but also a place for business

ceremonies and entertainment

the various rooms and halls demonstrate

a brilliant use of light space in

ornamental decoration we'll visit three

main areas the mesh waar the kamata's

palace and the palace of the lions we

begin here at the mesh Warhol high

officials used it for business and

judicial meetings now let's take a

closer look at the decorations in the

room it was tradition to avoid creating

imagery of living creatures so instead

the designers favored calligraphy

vegetal and geometric patterns poems and

quotations decorate the walls the phrase

God is the only victor can be found all

throughout the palace surrounding the

calligraphy you'll often find rhythmic

patterns of foliage these vegetal

patterns represent nature now on the

walls you also notice some brightly

colored tiles these form patterns known

as tessellations if they begin as simple

polygons the shapes become more

elaborate and replicate across the walls

they interlock without gaps or overlaps

producing a beautiful mosaic design

these intricate geometric patterns

represent the complexity of the infinite

universe mimicking patterns found in

nature it was the ultimate balance of

math in arts it was actually these very

walls that inspired the famous artists

MC Escher to explore tessellations he

sketched and studied these patterns when

he visited the alhambra back in the

1920s

all right so here we have the courts of

the golden room this formed the

transition between two public area to

the private residence

now the facade of the commonness palace

is richly decorated with calligraphy and

patterns the twin doors you see here

we're designed to confuse would-be

assailants the door to the right

originally led to a dead end the door to

the left leads to the center of the

palace we are now entering the kamata's

palace this was the official residence

of the king but it also served as a

meeting place for ceremonial functions

we now enter the hall of the boat the

original name was a Hall the blessing or

Baraka in Arabic this word can be found

written all over the walls over time the

word Baraka degenerated to the word

Baraka which means boats in Spanish some

even say that the ceiling resembles a

boat the Soltan really wanted to amaze

his visitors so he ordered his

architects to adorn the palace with the

most elaborate designs possible we are

now in the Hall of the ambassador's also

known as the throne room this is the

largest room in the palace and it was

used for important meetings the throne

of the Sultan was placed here to invoke

the feeling of power sunlight would pour

in through these wooden screens and

produce a dramatic silhouette

now take a look upwards this elaborate

ceiling is formed of 8,000 pieces of

cedar wood all covered by interlaced

patterns the wooden framework represents

seven heavens of paradise the sensor

represents Allah's throne

let's take a step outside and go to the

Myrtle's quartz the pool acts like a

mirror creating a heightened sense of

space the fountain gently pours into the

pool as to not distort the water the

reflection pool also serves a functional

purpose it circulates cool air in the

summer and warm air in the winter now we

enter the palace of the Lions this

palace is more intimate with several

halls more conducive to relaxation a

more naturalistic style dominates this

area with a Christian influence the

court is in the center surrounded by

galleries of columns it's very similar

to cloisters found in Christian churches

the 12 lines spout water into four

streams that represent the four rivers

of Paradise the first Hall is called the

Hall of MU Carabas it was used for

receptions and festivities now notice

the clusters of geometric decorations

near the entranceway these are called mu

Karnas this array of concave patterns

are reminiscent of honeycombs now as you

approach the patio we will walk under

hanging decorations called mocha raava's

these ornaments are similar to mock

artists but have vertical prisms that

project downwards they're often called

stalactite work due to their resemblance

to rock formations found in caves

now over on the east side we have the

Hall of the Kings it derives its name

from the paintings of royalty found on

the ceiling

the various chambers and alcoves were

used for receptions and celebrations now

to the south we have the Hall the oven

saroja's it was named after the oven

Sarai's Knights that were murdered here

in this hall now take a look above

you'll see squinches comprised of Mook

Arnaz that transitioned upper walls to

the star shaped dome thousands of mocha

Ravi's hang downward as the ceiling

appears to float in midair near the top

of the cupola are small windows these

allow sunlight to enter at different

angles creating the feeling of movements

on the north side we have the Hall of

the two sisters this was named after the

two giant slabs of marble on the floor

if you look above you'll see another

star-shaped ceiling omocha table is

similar to the previous Hall

as we move north we can see a garden

through the Russia's mirador if you look

up you can see sunlight poured through

the beautiful stained glass ceiling when

you exit the palaces you'll find

yourself in a garden of the portal

notably you'll see the portico with five

arches overlooking a reflection pool now

over here you might notice a giant

renaissance style building this was

built by Charles the fifth but it was

never completed today it serves as a

museum next we'll take a relaxing stroll

through the henna relief a garden what's

up everybody we are here in the lovely

Summer Palace and it's quite beautiful

we have a lot of great examples of

architecture and just flowers and

gardens it's a great place for a nice

leisurely walk I definitely recommend it

take a look

after your visit to the Alhambra I

recommend taking it downhill and scenic

walk to the city center along the way

you'll encounter the gates of justice

take a look at the carvings of the key

in hand right above the archway

according to legend the alhambra will

fall if the key in hand were ever to

meet here are some more recommendations

if you're absolutely strapped for time

stay at least one night spend day 1

visiting the Alhambra and day 2 visiting

the old city next we're going to Cordoba

and to get there it's pretty easy once

again we're taking the bus and it's

pretty straightforward

alright guys thank you so much for

watching our tour of the Alhambra if

you're playing the visit let me know

what you're excited to see if you've

already been let me know what your

favorite room was because there were

some really great examples of

architecture and design in there so let

me know and I'll talk to you guys later