The 23rd Amendment Explained: The Constitution for Dummies Series

hey guys welcome the hip hue is history

a spoonful of hit cubes makes the

learning go down banging on the 23rd

amendment guys as we continue with the

Constitution for dummies series I'm so

excited I got my voting turnout and I

got my presidential buffing jacket on

because I'm ready to get some voting

rights away find out who the lucky

winner is all right you guys know how

this works right we're gonna pitch you

the word to the 23rd amendment of the

music here we go baby

section 1 the district constituting the

seat of government of the United States

shall appoint in such manner as the

Congress may direct a number of electors

of President and vice-president equal to

the whole number of Senators and

Representatives in Congress to which the

district would be entitled if it were a

state but in no event more than the

least populous state they shall be in

addition to those appointed by the

States but they shall be considered for

the purposes of the election of

President and Vice President to the

electors appointed by his state and they

shall needed a district and perform such

duties as provided by the 12th article

of amendment section 2 the Congress

shall have the power to enforce this

article by appropriate legislation so

there you go we're gonna give washington

d.c a little bit of representation but

not a lot of better representation let's

start with the Constitution because you

always talk about the Constitution when

you're talking about the Constitution

and if we look at article 1 section 8

this is really important right guys this

is delegated power this article 1 is the

legislative branch section a is this is

what you get to do the list of powers

that we give the federal government and

amongst those is the power of Congress

to run the capitol city and in 1790 the

Capitol City moved from New York City to


see and Congress read it there's no

mayor there's no senators there's no

House members Congress is running

Washington DC so those people have no

because they don't have a voice in their

government so this becomes an issue

really not so at the end of the 19th

century so around 1890 Congress begins

tomorrow around the idea of giving kind

of like a voting rights bill through the

legislature to give them some type of

voice in government but it really

doesn't go far and then we do get

something called the Citizens Joint

Committee which is a lobby group that's

based in Washington DC

that was very bipartisan you have to

remember before the 1960s Washington DC

is a coin to us in a sense there's

Democrats those Republicans it's a very

mixed type of City not huge diversity

but it's an average City some

Republicans like Dwight Eisenhower and

Richard Nixon they support the idea the

lead guy behind the amendment is

Thurston B Morton from Kentucky who's a

Republican he was I believe in charge of

the RNC the Republican National

Committee and he's the guy that you know

put the pressure on Kansas in 1961 to be

the 38th state to get this puppy


so it's both Democrats and Republicans

that want this amendment passed the

amendment was first proposed in 1960

before JFK was elected and quickly by

1961 Kansas becomes that state to make

it an amendment in the Constitution was

there anybody against it yeah there was

and if you look at the map you can see

the states that did not ratify that

amendment and you might be able to think

of a similarity I don't know I'm

thinking a lot of myself where could

they be

yeah it's in the deep south because I

believe they had the foresight to

understand race is always a part of the

discussion guys that's uncomfortable it

is that Washington DC is going to be a

liberal african-american based city

eventually and that's true by the 1970s

the african-american population of

Washington DC is far outnumber the white

so I believe the southern states are

seeing this in their best segregationist

interest not to give Washington to see a

voice so what kind of voice do they get

out of this they get three electoral


the amendments really specific guys it

doesn't say you're like every other

state and we're going to base it on your

house number based on your population at

the Great Compromise you're gonna get

three you're gonna get whatever the

lowest state gets and that's three

now if the lowest state has five

electors you can have five electors if

your population would give you that but

you can't get more than what the least

amount state has and right now that's

Wyoming and Washington DC actually has a

bigger population in Wyoming but they

would get three anyway to be honest with

you but they don't get a house number

and they don't get senators for real

they only get them imaginary they're

like invisible spirits but they do give

them these three electoral votes and you

can see that in the words of the

amendment now this issue hasn't gone


in 1973 Congress passed the DC home rule

act and this gives Washington DC

residents a voice in their local affairs

they have a mayor and a legislature to

run in a sense like other cities they do

have local voice representation and they

do get to vote in presidential elections

but no House member and no senators in

1978 Congress passed the DC Voting

Rights Amendment and this would have

given Washington DC full representation

to house men a House member and two

senators that amendment didn't go very

far so right now no they don't get that

type of representation and maybe you can

leave a comment below what do you think

do residents of Washington DC do they

you know have the right to have a House

member and to have two senators and if

they do what would that mean what would

the effect be and of course the effect

of them getting the presidential vote is

Democrats win man right Democrats are

gonna win Washington DC no matter what

even at every election look at 1984


look see the Washington DC right there

right Ronald Reagan 1980 ban go back for

us with Washington DC right every

election Washington DC is going to go

Democratic probably for a billion years

but nevertheless we're done with this

lecture the 23rd amendment check out the

buttons the voting t-shirt

congratulations Washington DC residents

you earn your representation I don't

know if you're gonna get any more no not

in my lifetime we'll see you next time

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