What was the Melting Pot Culture | US American History Homeschool Curriculum

one of the greatest of these changes was

how America became that famous melting

pot culture how America really became a

nation of immigrants in fact the

majority of Americans are immigrants the

majority of Americans their original

people their original ethnicity did not

start out here they they came from

Shores distant and so America has always

provided a model and always had a great

rule of law and a great sense of

competition and a great free market has

always attracted immigrants from

throughout the world and so that

attraction combined with the fact that

during those poorest post-war years

there was a great deal of oppression to

flee from especially in Europe it's

during this time for example that Europe

was having its own nationalistic Wars it

was having its own Wars to unify nations

that had never been unified before for

example the nation of Germany which we

just think of as being very very old the

German people's are old those German

states have been around for millennia

but the German nation as we know it

today or even the German nation as you

would have known it say in World War one

has only been around since 1871 it was a

nation that came out after our own Civil

War so by that standard it's actually

younger than the United States

so people fleeing from these wars of

nationalism because many times that it

often almost always was negative towards

the common man but there were also

incredible a number of Jews who fled

from persecutions especially in places

like Russia many of them were actually

told to leave their villages villages

that they had lived in for centuries but

they were told they could no longer

reside there simply because they were

Jews and so they came over here to

America which actually provided great

opportunities for them and they settled

heavily in places like New York City or

places like Chicago for example well

even so the population boomed during

this time the year 1861 for example

there were 31 million people living in

the United States but by the year 1900

just about 40 years later that

population more than

doubled to 75 million that is an

incredible influx that is an incredible

amount of immigration or of immigrants I

should say and by 1914 that trend had

continued to a hundred million now the

first wave of this those people that

largely came prior to of war

usually came from places like England or

places like Ireland for example but

after the Civil War the second wave of

immigrants largely came from the

Germany's most various German states or

they were fleeing that war of German

unification which was finished by 1871

or they came from places like the

Scandinavian states looking for new

opportunities these largely were the

ones who settled in the Midwest and

along among the various plane States but

by 1890 all the way up into a world war

one and even afterwards as well there

was a third wave of immigrants who

largely came from eastern and southern

Europe so these were the Italians these

were the Greeks these were people from

Romania from the various Slovak nations

these are people from Poland especially

where those Jews who I mentioned just a

few moments ago still all of these

peoples came over here they often

maintained their culture in some way or

another which is why we still eat these

foods and so incorporate these their

words and their languages into our own

English language but they always adopted

that American dream and always pursue

those opportunities for either farms or

for businesses of their own as a result

those who did not settle on land often

settled in the cities and cities like

Chicago cities like New York which were

already large boomed during this time

it's kind of interesting one of the

reasons for some cities booming versus

others had a lot to do with street width

now that might sound kind of like a dull

topic but consider this the city of

Boston which had been one of the largest

cities in the new world in America prior

to civil war especially his typical

Street in Boston was about 30 feet wide

so if you're on horseback or if you were

walking or you're in a coach that was

fine now it really was plenty

of width for the street but when you

start putting in paved roads for

automobiles or when you need space for

trolleys or if you need space for

elevated railways or even underground

space for subways that 30 foot width

really isn't enough and so cities like

New York and Chicago which had 100 foot

or had streets that were 100 feet wide

as well as cities like Topeka or Omaha

or Salt Lake City out west which had

streets are often 130 feet wide those

kind of cities began to have incredible

booms during this time because they had

the adaptability to grow and so these

cities became master cities and they

really became major centers of American

culture something that continues right

on down to the state the cities have

continued to grow in most cases