The Senate at the Senate of Canada Building

The Senate of Canada Building is home to Parliament's Upper Chamber.

This is where Senators review proposals for new laws,

and debate issues of national importance.

It's also where the Governor General meets Parliament.

This is the Senate's temporary home while Centre Block is closed for rehabilitation.

Completed in 1912, the building served as Ottawa's central train station

for more than 50 years.

It then became a conference centre before it was transformed to house the Senate.

The waiting area offers a glimpse into the building's past.

This was where passengers mingled before travelling by train across the country.

The 15-meter-high columns,

semi-circular windows and grand staircase

are typical of the Beaux-Arts style -

often found in train stations from the early 1900s.

The bench in the centre of the room is from the original station.

This area is now a meeting place for Senators from every corner of the country

and visitors from around the world.

Flanking the doors of the Senate committee rooms are bronze panoramas

depicting Banff National Park in Western Canada on one side

and the Nova Scotia coastline in Eastern Canada on the other.

Senators are appointed to represent every province and territory,

as reflected in the original Senate Chamber doors from Centre Block.

The doors are decorated with the coats of arms

of Canada's 10 provinces and three territories.

Senators are also appointed to add more minority views to Parliament.

Busts in the Senate Antechamber are a reminder of this role.

Cairine Wilson was the first female Senator in 1930.

James Gladstone was the first First Nations Senator in 1958.

The Senate Chamber itself is a reflection of Senators' roles as regional representatives.

The glass doors to the Chamber feature leaves

from the 10 native types of maple trees found across Canada.

The Senate's signature red carpet is also decorated with the 10 types of maple leaves.

And the walls of the Chamber are lined with provincial and territorial Coats of Arms.

The oak desks were relocated from the Senate Chamber in Centre Block.

At these desks, Senators propose, debate and vote on Bills for new laws.

There are three chairs at the front of the Chamber.

The one in front is for the Speaker of the Senate.

The Speaker maintains order and oversees the daily business of the Chamber.

The two thrones at the back are for the Monarch and their consort.

The Monarch's chair, on the left, is most often used by the Governor General,

who is the Monarch's representative in Canada.

The Governor General meets Parliament in the Senate to give Royal Assent to bills,

making them law, and to read the Speech from the Throne,

which outlines the Government's priorities.

The royal red carpet symbolizes the Monarch's duties at Parliament.

The importance of the Monarch and the Speakers

is highlighted in the building's entrance hall.

It's here that portraits of former Speakers hang

alongside the painting of Queen Elizabeth II.

The Senate of Canada Building is an important setting for the work of Parliament.

It's new role is continuing the building's history as a meeting place.