Italy | Flag History

in the 19th century when Italy unified

they adopted a green white and red

trickler too faced with the cross of

Savoy as their national flag and

explained the cross in a little bit but

for now you'll see the surrounded by a

blue border Savoy which led the

unification movement first used blue

during the Savoy yard crusade of 1366

this crusade was called in honor of the

Virgin Mary who is often displayed

wearing blue and as such the Crusaders

from Savoy were awarded a blue flag from

there it was used in uniforms and sashes

until it eventually found it's wearing

the national flag and became the royal

house color so in the early days of

organized sports Italy adopted blue for

their strips but the whole cross was

eventually dropped from the flag when

Italy became a republic after World War

Two but under the tricolor Savoy adopted

the trickler as its national flag after

the revolutions of 1848 which is largely

called for the unification of Italy

although they weren't the only ones for

instance Tuscany Naples and Sicily did

the same but they revert back to their

old flags once their revolutions failed

the revolutionaries notably in Milan

picked the codes which hearkened back to

the old Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy

which had temporarily United a great

deal of Italy but from this painting in

1845 few years before the Revolution you

can see the colours flying in Austrian

control Venice so they obviously

remained somewhat important throughout

the decades in between the Kingdom of

Italy emerged from uniting various

states notably the French puppet state

the kiss Alpine Republic which in turn

emerge from the kiss padania Republic

and it was the kiss burden a republic

that first adopted the colours in 1797

displayed horizontally then the kiss

Alpine Republic changed it to vertical

stripes however before getting on to the

theories behind the colours I think

there are a couple things that need to

be established so over the centuries

Italy thought hundreds of states and

even more flags and getting into all of

them would take a wee bit too long but

there are some important themes and

symbols that have continued over the

centuries first of all a city or state

is often represented by two colors some

of these color choices are quite well


for instance the yellow and red of the

flags and sir the Nestle like Naples

Messier in Sicily originated from a time

when the Spanish had influence in the

region Rome also uses a similar fight

but this hearkened back to the colours

of the Roman Empire in the northwest

many states and cities are represented

by the cross of st. George red on white

or its reverse the cross of st. George

was first adopted by the Genoese

Crusades had spread throughout Europe

from there Genoa bologna and Milan all

share the same flag and have remarkably

similar flags to Sardinia Savoy Mantua

Asti etc so these cities was often used

red and white in one form or another

however despite several theories the

choice of some color patterns are

surrounded mystery for instance the

black and white of CNN Ferrara or the

red and white of Florence and its

neighbors pazar and Lucca plus in the

northwest blue and yellow was used in

the flags of Venice Parma Verona and the

likes however no one definitely knows

why so there's always the possibility

that they were chosen merely to

differentiate from one another and this

might be important when explaining the

trickler these crosses and colours have

largely remained in use for centuries

despite conquest revolutions in the

introductions of new flags for instance

Naples changed hands from Flags numerous

times but the red and yellow remained

throughout plus there are other

important symbols for each city in

region Florence used the red

fleur-de-lis which may have originated

from the Exile in France during the war

between the girls and the gibbelins in

the 13th century

Venice's most famous symbol is the

winged line which represents a mark this

comes from ancient time from the four

evangelists were represented by the

animals which pulled the chariot of God

in the Bible so mark was the winged lion

Matthew was the angel Luke was the bull

and John was the eagle and finally

mallanna's alone for the vichy oniy a

Great Serpent devourer in a Saracen

which was the symbol of the Visconti

family and on the subject Saracens and

Moors featured on a couple Italian flags

notably Sardinia and Corsica but the

origins of this are long and disputed

but once again these symbols would often

be used alongside the crosses and the by

colored flags the other thing I should

explain as in the 18th century people

often showed their allegiances by

wearing cockades in the place of

uniforms whereas in the early days

cockades tended to be one or two colours

for instance the Jacobite white of the

American Revolutionary white and black

the French revolutionaries adopted the

red white and blue making the tricolour

cockade the sign of republicanism so

when the French Republic invaded a

nation their supporters would more often

than not wear a trickler cockade of one

design or another whereas some of these

colors have quite credible theories

behind them others do not

for instance in Switzerland the Helvetic

Republic used green red and yellow a

the green represented liberty yellow the

color of brewery and red the color of

Swiss green was in fact never used by

the French revolutionaries on their

cockades because of its connections with

Liberty so green representing Liberty

was a pretty commonly held belief at the

time but this could well be an

explanation created afterwards as most

of the New Republic shared at least two

colors with the French in one unique

color to distinguish it however saying

that there was some overlap for instance

in Germany the kiss reigning Republic

also used green white and red but under

Isley there was the short-lived Republic

of Alba in the north they used red blue

in an orange yellow now I'm just

speculating here but the orange yellow

may have come from the flag of Turin the

capital city of Savoy or sometimes very

rarely the colour was used as a border

to the flag of Savoy in central Italy

the young corner Republic used a very

similar red yellow and blue this could

have come from merging the flag of

ancona which used a Greek crust to shows

all connections with Greece with that of

France however this Republic was

eventually absorbed into the Roman

Republic which used red white and black

or depending on the source red white and


however given Rome has a long history of

using red and yellow the colors of the

old Empire the only thing I can find

linking the city to black is it was the

color of the she-wolf which raised

Romulus and Remus but that seems like a

bit of a stretch Plus and southern Italy

the path Enochian Republic also used

blue yellow and red but this could come

from merging the cause of Naples and

France however when Napoleon reconquered

Naples the new flag was changed to red

black and whites this may have

symbolized a connection with the former

Roman Republic and showed signs of

unifying but once again nobody really

knows why so finally on the green white

and red of the kispa downing republic

keeping in mind that many of the new

republic used two french colors with one

of their own sometimes with no real

explanation this color scheme could just

be a way to differentiate themselves

from the french so because these colors

were chosen pretty quickly after the

French invaded very little thought may

have went into choosing the colors and

had an alternative history taken course

I could well be analyzing the trickle of

thang own Ian or Alba Republic but given

that the kiss Banana Republic eventually

spread out and formed the Kingdom of

Italy and it's red white and green were

used on the new flag there are numerous

and conflicting theories behind the

choice of colors one of the most often

cited says that white and red represents

the flag of Milan and the green came

from the Civic garbs uniforms in October

1796 the polian created the Lombard

Legion and in his own words to the

executive directory the national colors

they have adopted are green white and

red so the troops who fought for

Napoleon the Lombard Legion were

presented with these colors on a flag

and their uniforms displayed them

however there is some evidence to

suggest that the colors were not used to

represent the flag Milan but rather that

of Bologna and Asti in 1794 a couple

years before Napoleon ever entered Italy

to revolutionary samboni and D ro Landis

who were from Bologna and Asti led a

revolution against the papal States the

United the red and white of Milan year

with the color of hope green and

produced cockades for their supporters

however what remains disputed is whether

or not their revolutionary colors spread

to Milan or did the people of Milan

decide on their color schemes separately

in my opinion and I could be wrong but

it seems that the people of Milan just

chose green white red the reason for

this is that within the papal States two

different state flags had been used with

two different color schemes that in

Roman ancona so it seems unlikely that

the green white and red have become

important in Milan a different state but

not within the papal States itself so in

short the true origins of the Italian

flag have been lost in the turbulent

years of the French Revolutionary Wars

but really the history of the regular

pales in comparison the city and

regional flags of Italy which in my eyes

are some of the greatest in the world

although I've mentioned a lot of them

already I'll end this video by bringing

your attention to a few more there's the

peas and cross which the Pope granted to

the city in the early 11th century when

they form the Saracens there's the balls

of the Medici in Florence which may

represent Byzantine a pawnbrokers coins

or pharmaceutical pills alluding to the

origins and medicine and finally the

strange flag of Sicily which has a head

of Medusa in front of three legs