Hi I’m Craig, in many cultures, I'm associated with love, and this is Mental Floss on YouTube.
Today, I’m going to answer Anish Sharma’s BIG question, “Why is the heart associated with love?”
Well, Anish, I’m not sure if you mean the human heart or the heart symbol, so I’m
going to tell you a little bit about why both are associated with love. Anyway, it’s becoming
a pattern here on the Big Question to say “We don’t really know, but we know it’s
really old and it evolved.” And yet again, it's true. Let’s get started! I love you.
The shape has been uncovered in pictograms drawn by early humans living in modern-day Europe.
But, we don’t know what it meant to the people back then.
Moving later in time, many different cultures started to view the human heart as the center
of emotion and the soul. The ancient Egyptians associated the heart with your moral compass.
The ancient Greeks thought it contained the human soul in addition to emitting actual
body heat. The Teotihuacans from ancient Mexico believed the body contained various spiritual
forces and the one in the heart was the key to being alive.
Throughout all this, what we now know as the “heart shape” persists. It can be found
in ancient artwork, but mostly used to represent things like fig leaves or ivy.
Then, people started to draw connections between the human heart and love. One of the earliest
examples of it clearly representing love in art can be found in a 13th century French
romance manuscript, known as Roman de la poire.
In the manuscript, there’s a picture of a man holding what looks like a human heart
and offering it to a woman -- romantic. The heart is definitely acting as a symbol of
love here, but its shape is more realistic than the modern heart-symbol. It evolved in
art, becoming less and less realistic throughout the next few centuries. And less icky.
By 1400, the modern heart shape had become a big part of Christian art. In 1530, the
Luther seal, a symbol for Lutheranism, was developed with a heart shape in the center.
The symbol wasn’t just associated with religion and love, though. During the medieval times,
the heart shape started popping up on things like playing cards and tapestries. Then, in
17th century England, Valentine’s Day started to become a thing. People started just by
ending notes. But eventually, the heart symbol became associated with Valentine’s Day and
it was definitely here to stay.
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