What Is... The Grainline?

hello I'm Anika from Aida so and welcome

to our what is tutorial in this tutorial

I'm going to be explaining what is a

grain line generally speaking when you

purchase a fabric there may be three

grain lines that are spoken about

however one of them is the most

important I'm going to discuss all three

and then we'll refer to the one that you

really need to remember so the first

grain line is the vertical or lengthwise

grain line and this is in line with the

selvage edge of the fabric if you're

unsure what to sell the judge is or you

don't know how to find your selvage then

please follow the link in the

description box below to our

correspondent what is a selvage tutorial

so the lengthwise or vertical grain is

in line with be salvaged and runs

parallel to the selvage the other grave

is a crosswise or horizontal gray and

this is at a ninety degree angle from

your vertical lengthwise grain that runs

along with your selvage when you go to a

shop and you ask for a number of meters

or yards the line they cut is going to

be on your crosswise or horizontal grain

and that's this edge here this is the

edge that can frame and when they cut it

may or may not be that straight the

other grain that you need to bear in

mind is your true bias your bias grain

and that is 45 degrees from your Salvage

so it runs in between the two and the

reason why you need to know about that

one is because that's got the most

stretch in it so in terms of the amount

of give or stretch in the fabric the

lengthwise or vertical gray has the most

stability in line with the selvage if

you pull on your fabric there and we're

talking about woven fabrics here woven

no stretch fabrics you'll find you can't

get much for that gray

you're crosswise or your horizontal

grain it still will have very little

gift but it will generally have a tiny

bit more than what you get on your

vertical lengthwise grain so you'll get

a little bit more on your horizontal on

the edge that you get cut in the shop

whereas on your 45 degree your true bias

you will end up with a lot of gear and

you can see the difference in the fabric

that I'm working with here but please do

have a play with some fabric at home so

if you can understand that and it will

help you to learn to understand your

fabric a bit better so what is the most

important grain that you need to

remember it is of course your lengthwise


it's your lengthwise or your vertical

grain whatever you wish to call it and

it is parallel or in line with the

selvage now this is the grain line when

patterns refer to position your pattern

on grain or match up the arrows with the

grain line this is what they're talking

about they want it to be parallel to the

selvage so if we take a look at a

pattern here this is the dressmaking

pattern for a skirt you should be able

to see an arrow sitting in the middle of

the pattern and it will say on the arrow

grain line that means that that arrow

must be parallel to the selvage so when

I position this pattern onto my fabric I

will need to measure probably once at

the bottom and once at the top of this

line to make sure that the pattern is

fitting completely straight in line and

parallel with my selvage so therefore it

is on my lengthwise or vertical grave

you will generally have a line with

either one arrow or two arrows want to

either end and the markings or

instructions of grain line and then you

should know to position it parallel to

the salvage and make sure that you

measure it so that you're not putting it

on by eye you're measuring from the top

and from the bottom of that line to the

selvage to make sure that the person is

sitting completely straight

on your fabric I hope that I've been

helpful with my explanation of a grain

line and I hope that you feel a little

bit more confident in what you're going

to be doing and what you're planning to

make good luck with your sewing and

thanks for watching