Catalonia’s independence referendum explained | The Economist

tensions are rising in Catalonia an

independence referendum is planned for

October the first and if the majority

vote YES the Catalan government says it

will declare independence from Spain we

are ready to do it we have the

determination to do it now remember is a

member of the Catalan Parliament which

favors independence a parliament set on

a collision course with the Spanish

government in Madrid like I said aspire

todos los españoles Javier albiol is the

leader of the catalan branch of Spain's

ruling Peoples Party his party fiercely

opposes the referendum that has been

deemed illegal by the Spanish

Constitutional Court police have raided

Catalan government offices seized ballot

papers and arrested at least 12

officials in a bid to stop the vote


catalonia has been a part of spain since

the country first emerged as a unified

Kingdom in 1469 famous for its

spectacular human towers a tradition

dating back to the 18th century

Catalonia is one of Spain's wealthiest

regions incorporating the tourist hub of

Barcelona and a thriving manufacturing

industry it already enjoys more

self-government than almost any other

European region so why are so many

Catalans discontented with their lot

pro-independence supporters claim

catalonia is robbed by Spain the gap

between what Catalans pay in taxes and

what they get back and Services is 10

billion euros per year that's around 4

percent of catalonia's GDP is there a

problem of taxing collection in

Catalonia no there is not

so what is the problem there because

they are the public resources but if the

reserves are not used to improve the

quality of life of the people then there

is a problem in the middle Spain's

financial crisis and the austerity that

followed fuelled the pro-independence

movement who claim that catalonia would

be much better off on its own but in

many countries the wealthy regions prop

up the poorer ones opponents of

Independence say that being part of a

bigger country will make everyone better

off by itself became a soccer field ok

mass was posted Allah ho esta creando en

una a percussion director positiva in

favour the de Catalunya port olisar

momentos some dollars by Unidos somos

war appears on the general Franco's

dictatorship Catalan could not be used

in any official context since democracy

was restored in 1978 the language has

rebounded a 2001 census found that

Catalan was spoken by 75% of the

population and it is now the main

language in the region schools but in

2010 the Spanish courts rejected a

change to the Constitution that would

have given the catalan language

preferential status many Catalans viewed

this as an insult and it strengthened

pro-independence feel

first of all we're Democrats which means

that when we demand to be treated as a

mature society we mean this when we

demand that the opinion of the people

who's taking into account win in this

catalonia's pro-independence leaders

claim that the referendum is a

democratic right Madrid's refusal to

acknowledge this infuriates them the

ruling coalition was voted into power in

2015 and the promise of a referendum and

now they feel they have a mandate it was

a clear result 72 MPs were elected

defending the idea catalonia should be a

state that's a huge majority of the

catalan parliament which is 135 and

peace well for the first time we have a

clear majority in the parliament

defending that opinion nationalists say

they have a mandate but it's

questionable although they gained 53

percent of the seats in parliament they

won only 48% of the popular vote and

opinion polls show that 71 percent of

the population went to referendum but

only 41% are likely to vote yes toda las

encuestas Sanderlin cannot sustain a

malaria in the mucho menos and favor de

la guerra independent via the PC

Castillo ticket system sentimiento the

Karuna suspect of tienen que measure are

the new moon caso a sentiment

independentista it's my oratory or the

Catalan government is hell-bent on

proceeding with the referendum setting a

precedent for other regions such as the

Basque Country to follow with regional

and state government set to collide

head-on on October 1st the unity of

Spain hangs in the band