Brandenburg Gate in Berlin : a short history



on the 6th of August 1791 the

Brandenburg Gate was opened one of the

world's best-known symbols a symbol of

Germany of partition of not just berlin

but all of europe at its origin as today

it was a symbol of peace and tolerance

but it was also used by the Nazis and

their communist successors as a sign of

intolerance it was originally built by

frederick william ii of prussia and

designed by carl Gotthard Langham's the

skort superintendent of buildings

lanyons wanted to create something like

an Athens on the spra and the

Brandenburg Gate is based upon the

gateway to the Acropolis in Athens it

was constructed on the site of guard

houses bit between 1788 and 1791 the

gate is 1026 centimeters high and has 12

Doric columns six to each side there are

five walkways through the gate the gate

is topped by a chariot drawn by four

horses and was first named the peace

gate the gate is of course often

associated with armies marching and the

first one to do so was the French army

and Napoleon took the horse-drawn

chariot back to Paris with him the

Prussians got it but after Napoleon was

defeated for the first time

other military marches through the gate

include the victory marches after the

campaigns against France in 1871 and

1940 as well as the rather pathetic

march of the home guard Volkssturm

organized by Goebbels in 1944 it was

also the location of a torchlight

procession on the night of the 30th of

January 1933 when Hitler was appointed

Chancellor the Soviets also used it in

their proper

the posters with slogans exhorting their

troops to victory with an image of a

gate somewhat similar to that of the

brandenburg gate the gate survived the

bombing and the Battle for Berlin

although it was somewhat damaged mainly

from street fighting in this area

following World War two Berlin was

divided but until the 13th of August

1961 citizens of East Berlin could

traveled and vice versa

on that day the city was cut into by the

construction of the wall the gate found

itself almost directly on the border

just inside East Berlin the symbol of a

divided Europe was the backdrop for

speeches by US President Kennedy and

Reagan Kennedy announced that he was a

sausage ich bin ein Berliner he should

have said ich bin Berliner but never

mind the crowd understood on 12th of

July 1987 Reagan Memorial as mr.

Gorbachev to tear down this wall the

crossing point was currently closed the

day following the commencement of the

construction of the wall and remained so

until the 22nd of December 1989 when the

first person to cross was Helmut girl

the West German Chancellor who was met

on the eastern side by Hans madro there

were the East German Prime Minister the

war was pulled down here in 1990 I was

there in April 1990 I wish I'd been as

keen on filming things then as I am now

because the only record I have of this

event is in my memory traffic no longer

passes on to the Brandenburg Gate and

the Parisi plots for the east is a

pedestrian zone which flanked by the

atom hotel and the French Embassy does

somewhat give the area the feel of the

beginning of the 20th century

and today you can walk right through it

as though it were never the second most

closely guarded border in the world now

how about that for an achievement